This article is the summary of a discussion had by Brookings scholars about nuclear proliferation in this geopolitical moment. It comments on the US pulling out of the Iran nuclear deal, North Korea not denuclearizing in the immediate future, and the need for policy makers to think trough non-nuclear options.
Significance: These scholars offer these advancements because of the re-emerging great power competition. Russia and China have more power and Russia is threatening nuclear weapon use more than before. Multilateral dialogues will become more and more necessary, compared to the bilateral discussions between the US and Russia. China deserves a chair at the table more than previously.