To: United Nations
The General Assembly,
My follow brethren, since its inception, the United Nations has produced successes as well as failures. In so far, the United Nations has succeeded in preventing another global war. Yet, it has failed to prevent genocides in the global south from happening. In addition, it has failed to bring closure to conflicts in Africa and Middle East. Thus, there is no question that United Nations needs to be reform. In the following papers, our government will indicates which articles of the United Nations needs to be change.
Recalling Article 39
The Security Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with Articles 41 and 42, to maintain or restore international peace and security.
The Turkish government is recalling article 39 of U.N. Charter. From historical view, the Security Council has failed to ensure stability in Middle East, and other regions as it charged to do so. The reason for this failure is that Security Council permanent members sits are not equally distributed. Therefore, Security Council permanent members should be reform to be inclusive. Thus, each continent should be represented in U.N. Security Council permanent sit.
Reaffirming Article 62
The Economic and Social Council may make or initiate studies and reports with respect to international economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and related matters and may make recommendations with respect to any such matters to the General Assembly to the Members of the United Nations, and to the specialized agencies concerned.
It may make recommendations for the purpose of promoting respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.
It may prepare draft conventions for submission to the General Assembly, with respect to matters falling within its competence.
It may call, in accordance with the rules prescribed by the United Nations, international conferences on matters falling within its competence.
Recalling Article 65
The Economic and Social Council may furnish information to the Security Council and shall assist the Security Council upon its request.
Reaffirming Article 92
The International Court of Justice shall be the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It shall function in accordance with the annexed Statute, which is based upon the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice and forms an integral part of the present Charter.
Reaffirming Article 52
Nothing in the present Charter precludes the existence of regional arrangements or agencies for dealing with such matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and security as are appropriate for regional action provided that such arrangements or agencies and their activities are consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.
The Members of the United Nations entering into such arrangements or constituting such agencies shall make every effort to achieve pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies before referring them to the Security Council.
The Security Council shall encourage the development of pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies either on the initiative of the states concerned or by reference from the Security Council.
This Article in no way impairs the application of Articles 34 and 35.
Recalling Article 33
The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.
The Security Council shall, when it deems necessary, call upon the parties to settle their dispute by such means.
The Turkish government seem the recalling of article 33. Any sovereign state is threatening should by its right use force to protect her territory and people without the need to resort to the measures outline in article 33. Since Syria Civil War commenced, Kurds in Syria have set up their support to terrorists group known as PKK in Turkey. To protect our people, our president Erdogan has launched a military campaign to crash Kurds in Syria.
Recalling Article 43
All Members of the United Nations, in order to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, undertake to make available to the Security Council, on its call and in accordance with a special agreement or agreements, armed forces, assistance, and facilities, including rights of passage, necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security.
Such agreement or agreements shall govern the numbers and types of forces, their degree of readiness and general location, and the nature of the facilities and assistance to be provided.
The agreement or agreements shall be negotiated as soon as possible on the initiative of the Security Council. They shall be concluded between the Security Council and Members or between the Security Council and groups of Members and shall be subject to ratification by the signatory states in accordance with their respective constitutional processes
No nation should be obligated to honor U.N. Security Council Agendas unless the permanent membership is reform to meet our objects against article 33.
Recalling Article 44
When the Security Council has decided to use force it shall, before calling upon a Member not represented on it to provide armed forces in fulfilment of the obligations assumed under Article 43, invite that Member, if the Member so desires, to participate in the decisions of the Security Council concerning the employment of contingents of that Member’s armed forces.
Recalling Article 48
The action required to carry out the decisions of the Security Council for the maintenance of international peace and security shall be taken by all the Members of the United Nations or by some of them, as the Security Council may determine.
Such decisions shall be carried out by the Members of the United Nations directly and through their action in the appropriate international agencies of which they are members.
Recalling Article 4
Membership in the United Nations is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations.
The admission of any such state to membership in the United Nations will be effected by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.
Turkish objections and recommendations to U.N. Charter