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Conventional Weapons


     Conventional weapons or conventional arms generally refer to weapons that are in relatively wide use that are not weapons of mass destruction. Conventional Weapons encompass a wide range of equipment not limited to armored combat vehicles, combat helicopters, combat aircraft, warships, small arms and light weapons, landmines, cluster munitions, ammunition and artillery. Conventional weapons are the most common type of armament globally and historically the most commonly used in conflict. The acceptable use of all types of conventional weapons in war time is governed by the Geneva Conventions. Certain types of conventional weapons are also regulated or prohibited under the United Nations Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.

        However, there is a significant lacking of global rules regulating the trade of conventional arms. Several United Nations instruments, including the Register of Conventional Arms, have attempted to build confidence and minimize the risk of conflict by encouraging states to make the quantity and type of arms they transfer more transparent. The Arms Trade Treaty seeks to prohibit irresponsible arms transfers and prevent the shipment of arms to conflict zones where they are likely to exacerbate violence and contribute to repressions and human rights abuses. 

Counter Proliferation Efforts



The conflict in Yemen and EU’s arms export controls: Highlighting the flaws in the current regime

Gabrielle Mueller -- April 7, 2018
This article highlights a lot of the big issues of the conflict in Yemen as well as the the arms export controls that the EU has placed. It discusses how the EU Common Position could be strengthened by things like NGO's. It also goes over the increased interest in consolidating the EU's defence industry. The conflict Read More

More Than A Nuclear Threat: North Korea’s Chemical, Biological, and Conventional Weapons

April Sunid -- March 25, 2018
More Than A Nuclear Threat: North Korea’s Chemical, Biological, and Conventional Weapons March 22, 2018 Introduction and Main Points North Korean development of biological weapons both poses a serious potential threat to the United States and its strategic partners, and illustrates the broader dangers of proliferation. Biological weapons pose dangers that are growing steadily with Read More

First Responders from Asia Gain New Skills during Chemical Emergency Response Training in Singapore

Kayla Duran -- February 26, 2018
  First Responders from Asia Gain New Skills during Chemical Emergency Response Training in Singapore Friday, 22 December 2017 Emergency first responders at a field exercise on chemical emergency response held in Singapore’s Civil Defence Academy THE HAGUE, Netherlands – 22 December 2017 – Emergency First Responders from Asia acquired expertise during a field exercise Read More

Congress Should Not Cede Oversight on Small Arms Exports

Martin Widzer -- February 14, 2018
Congress Should Not Cede Oversight on Small Arms Exports Volume 9, Issue 8, October 5, 2017 In the coming weeks, it is likely that the Trump administration will formally propose new U.S. firearms export rules designed to increase foreign sales but that also make it easier for terrorists and international criminals to obtain lethal weapons. Read More

The Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons

Martin Widzer -- February 14, 2018
The Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons The Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects as amended on 21 December 2001(CCW) is usually referred to as the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. It is also known as the Read More

Congress Should Not Cede Oversight on Small Arms Exports

Mark Ortiz -- February 13, 2018
Congress Should Not Cede Oversight on Small Arms Exports In the coming weeks, it is likely that the Trump administration will formally propose new U.S. firearms export rules designed to increase foreign sales but that also make it easier for terrorists and international criminals to obtain lethal weapons. The proposal could also effectively undercut the Read More

The Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons

Mark Ortiz -- February 13, 2018
The Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons The Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects as amended on 21 December 2001(CCW) is usually referred to as the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. It is also known as the Read More

Palestine Accedes to the Mine Ban Treaty

Gabrielle Mueller -- February 11, 2018 (1 comments)
03 January 2018 Palestine Accedes to the Mine Ban Treaty Ten of the Middle East & North African countries still remain outside of the treaty Palestinian delegate announcing the country’s decision to accede to the Mine Ban Treaty at the Sixteenth Meeting of the States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty on 21 December 2017 Read More

Proliferation Challenges



The Forthcoming Missile Defense Review

Gabrielle Mueller -- April 7, 2018
This articles is a brief explanation of what to expect from the missile defense review coming from the Trump administration. It discusses the missile defense review's need to address the advances made by U.S. adversaries in nuclear and missile technology, as well as the shift to a more competitive footing states like Russia and China. Read More

Trump’s 2019 Missile Defense Budget: Choosing Capacity over Capability

Gabrielle Mueller -- April 7, 2018
This article mainly discusses the proposed budget request by President Donald Trump for the missile defense of the United States. This article reviews the budgets of previous years as well as the short comings of the missile defense systems of previous years. Trump’s 2019 Missile Defense Budget: Choosing Capacity over Capability CSIS Briefs February 28, Read More

Asia and the Middle East lead rising trend in arms imports, US exports grow significantly, says SIPRI

Gabrielle Mueller -- April 1, 2018
According to SIPRI, the volume of international transfers of major weapons has had an upward trend since 2000. There has been a huge increase of arms being traded to Asia and Oceania and the Middle East. However, there has been a decrease in the flow to Africa, the Americas and Europe. The United States are the Read More

Global Overview of the Small Arms Problem

Mark Ortiz -- March 27, 2018
Number of small arms (guns) in circulation worldwide today: Approximately 875 million small arms are in circulation globally1, and millions more are produced annually by thousands of manufacturers around the world2. That’s one for every 7 people on the planet.3 How are small arms obtained?  Legally: Gun shops, retail stores, shooting ranges, arms fairs, Read More

Armed and Dangerous? UAVs and U.S. Security

Mark Ortiz -- March 27, 2018
Armed and Dangerous? UAVs and U.S. Security Armed drones are making the headlines, especially in their role in targeted killings. In this report, RAND researchers stepped back and asked whether these weapons are transformative. The answer is no, though they offer significant capabilities to their users, especially in counterterrorism operations as has been the case Read More

Arms Trade Treaty

Mark Ortiz -- March 27, 2018
Arms Trade Treaty Preamble The States Parties to this Treaty, Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, Recalling Article 26 of the Charter of the United Nations which seeks to promote the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security with the least diversion for armaments of the world’s Read More

Promotion of Multilateralism in the Area of Disarmament

Mark Ortiz -- March 27, 2018
Promotion of multilateralism in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation The General Assembly, Determined to foster strict respect for the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, Recalling its resolution 56/24T of 29November2001 on multilateral cooperation in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation and global efforts against terrorism and other relevant Read More

More Than A Nuclear Threat: North Korea’s Chemical, Biological, and Conventional Weapons

April Sunid -- March 25, 2018
More Than A Nuclear Threat: North Korea’s Chemical, Biological, and Conventional Weapons March 22, 2018 Introduction and Main Points North Korean development of biological weapons both poses a serious potential threat to the United States and its strategic partners, and illustrates the broader dangers of proliferation. Biological weapons pose dangers that are growing steadily with Read More

Military Force Structure: Trade-offs, Trade-offs, Trade-offs

Gabrielle Mueller -- March 11, 2018
Military Force Structure: Trade-offs, Trade-offs, Trade-offs February 26, 2018 The budget deal’s large defense increase in FY 2019 allows the Department of Defense (DOD) to do a lot more than it was doing before, but not everything. A major trade-off is with force structure. The forces proposed are more than what Secretary of Defense James Read More

The Global Reported Arms Trade – The UN Register of Conventional Arms

Mark Ortiz -- March 8, 2018
The Global Reported Arms Trade   The UN Register of Conventional Arms   Transparency in armaments builds confidence between countries, and can help determine whether excessive or destabilizing accumulations of arms take place. Being open about armaments may encourage restraint in the transfer or production of arms, and can contribute to preventive diplomacy. Since its Read More

The Global Reported Arms Trade – The UN Register of Conventional Arms

Mark Ortiz -- March 8, 2018
The Global Reported Arms Trade The UN Register of Conventional Arms Germany  – 2012 Germany consistently pursues a restrictive export control policy both as regards armaments and dual-use goods intended for military purposes. This policy is based on Article 26 of the Basic Law (constitution) obliging the state to control war weapons at all stages Read More

THE WASSENAAR ARRANGEMENT ON EXPORT CONTROLS FOR CONVENTIONAL ARMS AND DUAL-USE GOODS AND TECHNOLOGIES

Mark Ortiz -- March 8, 2018
PUBLIC STATEMENT 2013 PLENARY MEETING OF THE WASSENAAR ARRANGEMENT ON EXPORT CONTROLS FOR CONVENTIONAL ARMS AND DUAL-USE GOODS AND TECHNOLOGIES The nineteenth Plenary meeting of the Wassenaar Arrangement1, chaired by Ambassador Liselotte Plesner of Denmark, was held in Vienna on 3 to 4 December 2013. 1 The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms Read More

Trump’s 2019 Missile Defense Budget: Choosing Capacity over Capability

Gabrielle Mueller -- March 5, 2018
Trump’s 2019 Missile Defense Budget: Choosing Capacity over Capability CSIS Briefs February 28, 2018 DOWNLOAD THE BRIEF   The Issue: President Trump’s 2019 budget request includes $12.9 billion for missile defense programs, including $9.9 billion for the Missile Defense Agency and about $3 billion in modernization in the military services, building upon the acceleration initiated Read More

Improvised mines wreak havoc in Raqqa

Gabrielle Mueller -- March 5, 2018
12 February 2018 Improvised mines wreak havoc in Raqqa Warning about mines written on outside wall of building in Raqqa, Syria, January 21, 2018. © Human Rights Watch Improvised landmines planted by the non-state armed group Islamic State have killed and injured hundreds of civilians, in Raqqa (Syria) since the armed group was pushed out Read More

Improving South American Military Expenditure Data

Gabrielle Mueller -- February 24, 2018
Improving South American military expenditure data Front view of a Sukhoi Su-30MK2 of the Bolivarian Military Aviation (AMB) deployed during the Aeronautical Fair BALANDA 2016 in Barquisimeto – Venezuela. Photo: Wikimedia Commons / Carlos E. Perez S.L 4 September 2017 Dr Nan Tian and Diego Lopes da Silva   SIPRI’s Military Expenditure Database currently covers 11 South Read More

Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance (AVC)

Mark Ortiz -- February 20, 2018 (1 comments)
Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance (AVC)   The AVC Bureau’s core missions within the U.S. Department of State concern arms control, verification, and compliance with international arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements or commitments. AVC advances national and international security through the negotiation and implementation of effectively verifiable and diligently enforced arms control Read More

THE ARMS TRADE TREATY

Mark Ortiz -- February 20, 2018
[Senate Treaty Document 114-14] [From the U.S. Government Publishing Office] 114th Congress  }                                        {  Treaty Doc. SENATE 2d Session     }                                        {       114-14 _______________________________________________________________________ THE ARMS TRADE TREATY __________ MESSAGE from THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES transmitting THE ARMS TRADE TREATY, DONE AT NEW YORK ON APRIL 2, 2013, AND SIGNED BY THE UNITED STATES Read More

Russian Engagement in Latin America: An Update

Gabrielle Mueller -- February 17, 2018
Russian Engagement in Latin America: An Update December 19, 2017 In the final months of 2017, the most significant advance in Russia’s relationship with Latin America was arguably the inclusion of eight Latin American teams in the 32-team field for the 2018 World Cup in Russia. Russia was almost absent from media coverage of the Read More

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