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Weaponization of Outer Space


As of today, weapons in Outer Space continues to be an area of weaponry that has potential unlimited power that has yet to be determined. The original action of exploring technology in Outer Space came from the launch of Sputnik from the Soviet Union in 1957, but even before the launch Western powers had proposed to bar the use of Outer Space for military purposes. As of 1963, both the United States and the Soviet Union banned the orbiting of objects carrying nuclear weapons, both powers claiming that neither ever had the intention of implementing the installation of weapons of mass destruction into Outer Space. But this is not to say that in our current era weapons of mass destruction will not be explored and tested in Outer Space. Similar to cyber warfare, weapons in Outer Space is a subject that has yet to be explored for its capabilities in potential defense systems and destruction. As research is currently being developed, super powers are slowly transitioning to their next level of potential tactics of defense and offense in military functions. Transitioning into a new era of weaponry and defense with the high risk potential of it becoming an arms race in Outer Space.

Counter Proliferation Efforts



1979 Moon Agreement

Dominic Capolungo -- April 8, 2018
RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 34/68. Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies The General Assembly, Reaffirming the importance of international cooperation in the field of the exploration and peaceful uses of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, and of promoting the rule of law Read More

Official 1967 Outer Space Treaty

Dominic Capolungo -- April 4, 2018
This is the official document of the 1967 Outer Space Treaty which outlines and puts into place the laws of space and celestial bodies.  This document was the first international attempt at governing state activities in space.  It has importance for international arms control because it prohibits states placing WMDs in Earth’s atmosphere and the atmosphere of other celestial Read More

United Nations Work to Increase Sustainability in Space

Dominic Capolungo -- April 1, 2018
Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities Space science and space applications advance our knowledge of the universe. They also improve the daily lives of people worldwide through their contributions to environmental monitoring, management of natural resources, meteorological forecasting, climate modelling, satellite navigation, communications, and early warning systems to help mitigate potential disasters. If the international Read More

Space Law at the National Level

Dominic Capolungo -- March 18, 2018 (1 comments)
This article highlights the importance for states creating laws at the national level.  International Laws are in place but only apply to state actors.  Efforts in regulating non-state actors is important when it comes to regulating what can enter space and leave space.  It also creates a sense of responsibility for states to regulate themselves.  Read More

Europeans Cut Saudi Arms Sales

Rachel Gooding-Lord -- March 5, 2018
Europeans Cut Saudi Arms Sales Summary: Three European states, Belgium, Germany and Norway, who are all party to the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) have cut off their export of arms to Saudi Arabia to maintain their agreement to uphold the ATT. There is a provision of the ATT prohibiting arms to be exported to areas Read More

Global Navigation through Space Creates an Opportunity for States to Cooperate through Transparency

Dominic Capolungo -- March 2, 2018
The United Nations is home to the International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG) which was meant to improve relations among states.  This article describes how the ICG promotes transparency and cooperation among states in regards to their satellite systems.  The ICG looks to allow everyone to utilize the services of satellite navigation systems, Read More

Combating Disease through Space

Dominic Capolungo -- February 23, 2018
This article explains the importance of space technology to track and study diseases across the globe.  It will allow health professionals to quickly and efficiently target diseases across the globe so that they may assist people everywhere.  Peaceful uses of space, such as this, are important steps in moving towards better international relations and security. Read More

Space Provides Opportunities to Assist Global Agriculture

Dominic Capolungo -- February 15, 2018
This article provides an in sight into possible beneficial and peaceful uses space can have for farmers and others in agriculture.  From tracking climate change to where water is available, space can help provide global assistance in making farming easier and more efficient. Benefits of Space: Agriculture Agriculture forms the basis of the world’s food Read More

Space Technology Looks Promising for Future Humanitarian Efforts

Dominic Capolungo -- February 6, 2018
United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER) The United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER) was established in 2006 under the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA). UN-SPIDER develops solutions to address the limited access developing countries have to specialized technologies Read More

Proliferation Challenges



Proliferation of stability in phase and parameter spaces of nonlinear systems

Anastasiya Tkachenko -- April 6, 2018 (1 comments)
Proliferation of stability in phase and parameter spaces of nonlinear systems  Chaos 27, 081101 (2017); https://doi-org.aurarialibrary.idm.oclc.org/10.1063/1.4994329 Cesar Manchein1,a), Rafael M. da Silva2,b), and Marcus W. Beims2,c) View Affiliations PDF ABSTRACT FULL TEXT FIGURES CITED BY TOOLS SHARE METRICS TOPICS Computer simulation Mathematical methods Phase space methods Electronic circuits Acoustics Operator theory Electrical engineering Materials processing Read More

Are Nuclear-Weapon States not Parties to the Non-proliferation Treaty Ready to Renounce to the Possession of Nuclear Weapons?

Anastasiya Tkachenko -- April 2, 2018
Are Nuclear-Weapon States not Parties to the Non-proliferation Treaty Ready to Renounce to the Possession of Nuclear Weapons? Authors Authors and affiliations Jorge Morales PedrazaEmail author 1. Article First Online: 29 December 2015 1Shares 431Downloads Abstract The situation of nuclear-weapon states not parties to the NPT is different from the situation of the nuclear-weapon states parties to Read More

Social Scientific Analysis of Nuclear Weapons Past Scholarly Successes, Contemporary Challenges, and Future Research Opportunities

Anastasiya Tkachenko -- March 12, 2018
Social Scientific Analysis of Nuclear Weapons Past Scholarly Successes, Contemporary Challenges, and Future Research Opportunities  Erik Gartzke, Matthew Kroenig First Published August 22, 2017 Research Article Download PDF Article information  Abstract Scholars interested in researching nuclear security are increasingly expressing the fear that the “important questions” have already been answered. At the same time, recent Read More

The Outer Space Treaty turns 50: can it survive a new space race?

Anastasiya Tkachenko -- March 12, 2018
The Outer Space Treaty turns 50: can it survive a new space race? Jason Krause ABA Journal. 103.4 (Apr. 2017): p44. Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2017 American Bar Association http://www.abanet.org Listen Full Text: OUTER SPACE is nothing like the movies. Contrary to popular imagination, there no space armadas, Death Stars or laser battles above Earth. Only a Read More

Further Spending May Indicate Arms Race

Dominic Capolungo -- March 10, 2018
This report is particularly important for more than just the future of space policies in the United States.  President Trump has called for an even larger defense spending budget for 2019.  In every category, including space, their is a significant increase in weapon spending.  This may indicate the global arms race may grow bigger.  Other Read More

Nuclear Proliferation and Testing: A Tale of Two Treaties

Anastasiya Tkachenko -- February 26, 2018
Nuclear Proliferation and Testing: A Tale of Two Treaties* Pierce Cordena and David Hafemeisterb aAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science Washington, DC 20005 bPhysics Department California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo, CA 93407 Abstract. Despite progress in reducing stockpiles after the end of the Cold War, the disturbing actions of some nations could Read More

Amid Commemoration of Landmark Treaty’s Fiftieth Anniversary, Joint Meeting of First, Fourth Committees Discuss Keeping Weapons Away From Outer Space

Anastasiya Tkachenko -- February 17, 2018
AMID COMMEMORATION OF LANDMARK TREATY’S FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY, JOINT MEETING OF FIRST, FOURTH COMMITTEES DISCUSSES KEEPING WEAPONS AWAY FROM OUTER SPACE States News Service. (Oct. 12, 2017): Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2017 States News Service Listen Full Text: NEW YORK — The following information was released by the United Nations: While the Outer Space Treaty was a landmark Read More

Outer Space Arms Race Now Credible Threat, New Legal Agreement Needed To Block Any Possible Weapon Deployment, First Committee Told

Anastasiya Tkachenko -- February 10, 2018
OUTER SPACE ARMS RACE NOW CREDIBLE THREAT, NEW LEGAL AGREEMENT NEEDED TO BLOCK ANY POSSIBLE WEAPON DEPLOYMENT, FIRST COMMITTEE TOLD First Committee 10th Meeting (PM) OUTER SPACE ARMS RACE NOW CREDIBLE THREAT, NEW LEGAL AGREEMENT NEEDED TO BLOCK ANY POSSIBLE WEAPON DEPLOYMENT, FIRST COMMITTEE TOLD Seven Draft Texts Introduced; Chemical and Biological Weapons, Ban on Read More

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