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Nuclear Weapons


Nuclear weapons are one of the most massive destruction and dangerous weapons on earth. This destructive device designs to release energy explosively in a short period which potentially can destroy a whole city, including millions and natural environment. Scientifically, nuclear weapons are created to cause the jeopardy through an explosion, like conventional weapons. In conventional weapons, the explosion is formed by a chemical reaction which relates to rearrangement of an atom to reform. However, in nuclear weapons, the explosion is created by the atoms itself. Also, there are two main types of nuclear weapons; fission bombs and fusion bombs. The first process, fission weapons are commonly referred to atomic bombs, results from the splitting of the heavy elements such as uranium or plutonium. Fusion weapons are also referred to thermonuclear bombs or hydrogen bombs whose results from an uncontrolled reaction between isotopes of hydrogen and helium.

 

According to history, nuclear weapons have only been used twice in the warfare, both times by the United States against Japan in 1945 during the World War II. Since the atomic bombing of Japan, nuclear weapons have been tasted and denotated over two thousand times. The only countries are known to have detonated the United States, Russia, France, the United Kingdom, China, India, Pakistan, and North Korea.The United Nations has sought to eliminate these destructive weapons since its establishment. In 1998, United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs was created upon the recommendation of the General Assembly. UNODA has been promoting Nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, strengthening of the disarmament regimes, and disarmament effort in the area of conventional weapons. Disarmament is the best protection against these massive destructions. However, achieving this goal has been tremendously difficult for every party.

Counter Proliferation Efforts



9 Things Trump Should do Before he Meets with Kim Jong-Un

Alexander Berg -- March 20, 2018
9 Things Trump Should do Before he Meets with Kim Jong-Un Serious American foreign policy analysts and veterans—who all wish that we had a president who understood the value of alliances, diplomacy, a coordinated decisionmaking process, coherent public explanations of policy, and history—need to accept the reality that Trump will be our president for the Read More

International Support for the Iran Nuclear Deal

Apichanya Intakantee -- March 11, 2018
International Support for the Iran Nuclear Deal Authored by Samantha Pitz on January 16, 2018 International support for the 2015 nuclear deal between the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States) and Iran remains strong, despite comments by U.S. President Donald Trump threatening the future of the agreement. The Arms Control Association Read More

Stopping Proliferation Before it Starts

Alexander Berg -- February 28, 2018
Stopping Proliferation Before It Starts How to Prevent the Next Nuclear Wave By Gregory L. Schulte International efforts to stem the spread of nuclear weapons typically focus on thwarting the atomic ambitions of North Korea and Iran. This, however, is a game that is unlikely to be won. North Korea has built and tested nuclear Read More

Fact Sheet: The Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program

Apichanya Intakantee -- February 19, 2018
Fact Sheet: The Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program June 1, 2014 by Justin Bresolin Updated by Brenna Gautam June 2014 Origin and Purpose The Department of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program, also known as the Nunn-Lugar Program, was created for the purpose of securing and dismantling weapons of mass destruction and their associated infrastructure Read More

Safeguards to Prevent Nuclear Proliferation

Apichanya Intakantee -- February 12, 2018
Safeguards to Prevent Nuclear Proliferation (Updated March 2017) Most countries participate in international initiatives designed to limit the proliferation of nuclear weapons. The international safeguards system has since 1970 successfully prevented the diversion of fissile materials into weapons. Its scope has been widened to address undeclared nuclear activities. The IAEA undertakes regular inspections of civil Read More

 

Proliferation Challenges



U.S.-Saudi Talks Begin on Nuclear Pact

Apichanya Intakantee -- April 8, 2018
U.S.-Saudi Talks Begin on Nuclear Pact  ARMS CONTROL TODAY April 2018 By Kingston Reif As the Trump administration begins negotiating a nuclear cooperation agreement with Saudi Arabia, a growing number of lawmakers are expressing concerns that the administration is not seeking sufficiently strong nonproliferation safeguards. Energy Secretary Rick Perry led an interagency delegation to London in Read More

A Russian Perspective on Korean Nuclearization

Natalia Corbo -- March 18, 2018 (3 comments)
ABSTRACT: Disclaimer** ( Not from a thinktank, official insititutional or regime site) This is an interview from a senior fellow from the Washington Institute for International policy to a Russian Regional Security expert about her thoughts on the North Korean Nuclear situation. She conducts independent research and is located 9,000 Kilometers away from the Kremlin, Read More

Exclusive: Here Is A Draft Of Trump’s Nuclear Review. He Wants A Lot More Nukes.

Apichanya Intakantee -- March 11, 2018 (1 comments)
Exclusive: Here Is A Draft Of Trump’s Nuclear Review. He Wants A Lot More Nukes. His first Nuclear Posture Review: more nukes, more posturing. By Ashley Feinberg JIM WATSON VIA GETTY IMAGES President Donald Trump at Yokota Air Base in Tokyo on Nov. 5. 3.5k 170 In his first year in office, President Barack Obama Read More

Stopping the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Alexander Berg -- February 28, 2018
Stopping the Spread of Nuclear Weapons By Baker Spring This lecture is on the proliferation of nuclear arms. More precisely, it will be on how best to prevent the proliferation of nuclear arms. For as much as we in the policy community may dis- agree abou t the proper policies for preventing nuclear proliferation, I Read More

How to Get a Nuclear Bomb

Alexander Berg -- February 28, 2018 (1 comments)
How to Get a Nuclear Bomb It wouldn’t be easy. But it wouldn’t be impossible. A reporter travels the world to find the weaknesses a terrorist could exploit Hiroshima was destroyed in a flash by a bomb dropped from a propeller-driven B-29 of the U.S. Army Air Force, on the warm morning of Monday, August Read More

Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons: Opportunities for Control and Abolition

Apichanya Intakantee -- February 7, 2018
Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons: Opportunities for Control and Abolition Victor W. Sidel, MD and Barry S. Levy, MD, MPH Author information ► Article notes ► Copyright and License information ► This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Go to: Abstract Nuclear weapons pose a particularly destructive threat. Prevention of the proliferation and use of nuclear weapons is urgently important to public Read More

 

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